Psychiatrists and medical psychologists who are clinical psychologists that are also licensed to prescribe are able to conduct physical examinations, order and interpret laboratory tests and EEGs , and may order brain imaging studies such as CT or CAT , MRI , and PET scanning. Clinical psychologists generally do not prescribe medication, although there is a growing movement for psychologists to have prescribing privileges. Counseling psychologists undergo the same level of rigor in study and use many of the same interventions and tools as clinical psychologists, including psychotherapy and assessment.
5 Core Differences Clinical Psychology and Counseling Psychology
Traditionally, counseling psychologists helped people with what might be considered normal or moderate psychological problems—such as the feelings of anxiety or sadness resulting from major life changes or events. Many counseling psychologists also receive specialized training in career assessment, group therapy, and relationship counseling. Counseling psychology as a field values multiculturalism  and social advocacy, often stimulating research in multicultural issues.
There are fewer counseling psychology graduate programs than those for clinical psychology and they are more often housed in departments of education rather than psychology. Counseling psychologists tend to be more frequently employed in university counseling centers compared to hospitals and private practice for clinical psychologists. School psychologists are primarily concerned with the academic, social, and emotional well-being of children and adolescents within a scholastic environment.
Like clinical and counseling psychologists, school psychologists with doctoral degrees are eligible for licensure as health service psychologists, and many work in private practice. Unlike clinical psychologists, they receive much more training in education, child development and behavior, and the psychology of learning. Common degrees include the Educational Specialist Degree Ed. Traditional job roles for school psychologists employed in school settings have focused mainly on assessment of students to determine their eligibility for special education services in schools, and on consultation with teachers and other school professionals to design and carry out interventions on behalf of students.
Other major roles also include offering individual and group therapy with children and their families, designing prevention programs e. Social workers provide a variety of services, generally concerned with social problems, their causes, and their solutions. With specific training, clinical social workers may also provide psychological counseling in the U.
The Masters in Social Work in the U. Occupational therapy —often abbreviated OT—is the "use of productive or creative activity in the treatment or rehabilitation of physically, cognitively, or emotionally disabled people. Occupational therapy practitioners are skilled professionals whose education includes the study of human growth and development with specific emphasis on the physical, emotional, psychological, sociocultural, cognitive and environmental components of illness and injury. They commonly work alongside clinical psychologists in settings such as inpatient and outpatient mental health, pain management clinics, eating disorder clinics, and child development services.
OT's use support groups, individual counseling sessions, and activity-based approaches to address psychiatric symptoms and maximize functioning in life activities. Clinical psychology is a diverse field and there have been recurring tensions over the degree to which clinical practice should be limited to treatments supported by empirical research. It has been reported that clinical psychology has rarely allied itself with client groups and tends to individualize problems to the neglect of wider economic, political and social inequality issues that may not be the responsibility of the client.
An October editorial in the journal Nature suggests that a large number of clinical psychology practitioners in the United States consider scientific evidence to be "less important than their personal — that is, subjective — clinical experience.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Applied psychology. Main articles: History of psychology and History of psychotherapy.
Further information: Eastern philosophy and clinical psychology and Islamic psychology. Psychologist Psychiatrist.
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See also: Mental disorder. Main article: Psychotherapy. Main article: Psychodynamic psychotherapy. Main article: Humanistic psychology. Main articles: Cognitive behavioral therapy and Behaviour therapy. Main article: Family therapy. See also: List of psychotherapies. Main article: Integrative psychotherapy. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Mental health professional. Anti-psychiatry Applied psychology Clinical Associate Psychology Clinical neuropsychology Clinical trial List of clinical psychologists List of credentials in psychology List of psychotherapies Outline of psychology Psychiatric and mental health nursing Psychoneuroimmunology.
American Psychological Association. American Psychological Association, Division Archived from the original on Retrieved July 5, Contemporary Clinical Psychology. New York: Wiley. Advanced psychology: applications, issues and perspectives. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. A Brief History of Modern Psychology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. New York: Plenum Press. Introduction to Clinical Psychology.
Clinical psychology born and raised in controversy. APA Monitor , 30 Clinical psychology since Science, practice, and organization. APA Monitor Online.
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Archived from the original on October 21, A History of Clinical Psychology. UK: Taylor Francis. American Psychologist. What is Clinical Psychology?
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UK: Oxford University Press. Monitor on Psychology. Archived from the original on October 8, D: The Facts". Eye on Psi Chi. American psychiatry after World War II: Washington, D. A short introduction to clinical psychology. Retrieved Handbook of Psychological Assessment, 4th ed. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Psychological Assessment.
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The Counseling Psychologist. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice , 4th Ed.
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Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. London, UK: Brunner-Routledge. The handbook of humanistic psychology: leading edges in theory, research, and practice 2nd ed. Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press. Albert Ellis is often referred as the "grandfather" of CBT for his influential work in this field.
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